- Center line: Players are not allowed to step on or over the center line. They are out if they do. (The only exception is during the opening rush.)
- Sidelines: Players are not allowed to step on or over the sideline at any time. They are out if they do.
- It is still considered an out if a player’s foot hovers over the line while the player is grounded.
- While executing a throw, a player must land back within boundaries. If the player is not able to complete the throw within the boundary, the hit on the other player does not count.
- A player is considered hit only if there is direct contact with a released ball by the opposing team (except for “Failed Block”- see “Blocking” #2)
- Clothing: Uniforms and accessories are considered part of a player’s body.
- Hit etiquette: If a player is hit, he/she should drop all held balls, raise his/her arm to signal that he/she is out, and leave the court immediately and minimize game play disruption. (Once on the sidelines, knocked-out players are not allowed to kick or pass balls to their teammates. This is illegal and will result in the ball being turned over to the opposing team.)
- Headshots: To simplify the game, all headshots count. However, we do not condone intentional headshots. We reserve the right to discipline players if there are repeated violations or if the single violation is severe. (See “Code of Conduct”)
- If in doubt, players should call themselves out (“If in doubt, you are out”)
- A catch is when a player retains full control (See Glossary) of a ball released by an opponent. While possession does not require both feet on the ground, the player must land with both feet on the ground, in bounds. (See “Technical” #4)
- If a player catches a ball thrown by an opponent, the thrower is out and one player returns to the catcher’s side in the order of first out, first in.
- In order to be eligible to return to the game, the player who is out must be at the wall or sideline next to the designated referee before a teammate makes a catch to bring him/her back in. (The intention of this rule is to ensure that the player being brought back in was clearly hit out prior to the catch) (See “Technical” #11 & 12)
- Returning players after a catch: Returning players must go straight to any part of their own back wall, and touch the wall to be reactivated.
- This must be done without hesitation to touch the wall or to delay reactivation.
- If the player touches a ball while returning back to the wall before touching it, the ball becomes a deadball. The player cannot be hit out until he/she has been reactivated.
- If a returning player is in a ready position to play (reach back of court, can see opposing team), if hit, the player will still be considered out even if they have not “touched” the back wall. Balls cannot be activated until the player has touched the back wall, but if the player is ready to play, they cannot delay the play of the game by hesitating to be reactivated.
- When a dead ball thrown is caught, it is considered as a legal catch.
- Attempted catches: If a player attempts to catch a live ball thrown by the opposing team, but drops it or allows it to touch any surface/object (other than himself/herself) before gaining full control (“Trap”, “Full Control” see Glossary), or allows him/herself to be out first (by another hit, or crossing center/sideline the player is out.
- Catches after blocks: It is considered a catch if an opponent’s ball hits a blocking ball and is then caught by the blocker. The blocker, however, must have the blocking ball in possession when making the catch; otherwise he/she is out. (See “Technical” #6, #7)
- If a ball deflects off a player’s body, only that player can make a legal catch afterwards. The ball is dead if another player touches it, or if it hits a surface or object before it is caught. (See “Block” #2)
- In order to make a successful catch, a player must retain possession of all their balls at the time of initial contact.
- Catching balls going out of bounds: Player must be in full control (see Glossary) of the ball before going out of bounds, with both feet in bounds for a catch to be valid.
- A double catch (and the odd triple catch) is legal if the balls have not clearly contacted each other before they are caught. (Otherwise the balls would become dead)
- In the case where a catch is made and no player walks off (i.e. the player didn’t see his/her ball get caught)
- If the catch is observed by referees but the thrower cannot be determined, the referees should pause the game and request for one of the throwers to come off of the court. Referees can assist by indicating the side that the ball might have come from.If the catch is missed by all referees entirely and no one leaves the court, there is no dispute and play continues.
- A block is when a player uses a ball or balls in possession to keep himself/herself from being hit.
- Failed Block (Deflection Exception): If an opponent’s ball hits a player’s blocking ball and then hits the blocker’s body/clothing afterwards, the blocker is out. If a player drops his/her blocking ball(s) as a result of trying to block an opponent’s ball, he/she is out. If a ball hits the blocker’s fingers or hand first while trying to block, the blocker is out.
- Catches after blocks (see “Catch” #7)
- Dead balls cannot be used for blocking. A player is out as soon as he/she blocks with a dead ball.
[vc_custom_heading text=”Counts, Dead Balls and Interferences”]
- Dead ball: A ball that hits an object/surface/teammate before the player, or a ball declared as a dead ball by the referee (see “Catch” and “Hit” sections)
- 10 second holding rule: The intention of the 10 second holding rule is to prevent stalling and encourage continuous play. Players can only hold the ball for 10 seconds. After 10 seconds, the ball is dead and must be turned over. (See “Player Etiquette #6) It is the responsibility of players to know their ball’s countdown status.a. The 10 second count starts in these situations: (a) when a player picks up a ball, (b) when a player holds down a ball that is on the ground for longer than 3 seconds, (c) when a player maneuvers a ball alongside himself/herself on the ground to move to a different position on the court, and (d) when the first ball is activated at the opening rush (see “Technical” #1)b. The 10 second rule DOES NOT start in these situations: a) when a player rolls a ball to another teammate (ball must not leave the ground), b) when a player rolls a ball back from the center line, and c) when a player stops a moving ball.
- The 10 second count is announced: “Ten, nine, eight, seven, six, five, four, three, two, one, dead ball.” The interval between the first utterance of each number or word must be at least one second. The count should be announced loudly enough for the player to hear, yet the onus remains on the players to keep count themselves and to be aware of the Refs count. If the player has not released the ball at the first utterance of the word ‘dead ball’, the player must turn over the dead ball.
- How to turn over a dead ball: A dead ball, after a 10 second count, must be rolled over with the intention to touch the opposing team’s wall (i.e. not just placed over the center line). If a dead ball stops midway from the center line and the opposing team’s wall, the referee can intervene to assist the turnover. (See “Player Etiquette” # 6)
- Dead balls must be played by the receiving team before the other team can use it again.
- What happens to the countdown on balls go out of bounds: Countdown on balls is stopped once they go out of bounds and does not resume when the balls return to the court. (see #7)
- Players cannot intentionally put balls out of bounds, or just over the center line to reset (see Glossary) the ball count. Those balls will be deemed as dead by the referee and must be turned over to the other team.
- What happens to the ball count when a player is out: When a player is out for any reason, all balls under his/her possession are to be dropped. Any countdowns on those balls are reset, unless any of those balls have already been deemed as dead balls by the referees.
- Dropped balls: Intentionally dropping or passing balls will not stop the 10 second count. A player may drop a held ball in order to catch a thrown ball, but the dropped ball is still counted down.
- High throws (aka 6FT Rule): All balls thrown above 6FT that hits the wall are dead and must be turned over. In cases where a 6FT line is not indicated, a line or wall fixture will be established by the coordinators at the gym prior to game time. If a player jumps, and is hit above the 6FT line, that player is still out because the high ball hit the player and not the wall.
- If a team has all 6 balls on their court and are not being used (i.e. all 6 balls are left on the ground), referees will begin a 10 second holding rule on the ball closest to the center line until it is played or turned over to the other team. If a player plays a ball, the countdown is transferred to that ball.
- Any interference by players for balls in play (i.e. Intentionally blocking or stopping balls while walking off courts, manipulating balls, or rolling balls to teammate while on side lines), will be deemed a deadball. This does not apply to balls that have rolled out of bounds, but those balls should be placed on the sidelines where the ball rolled out of bounds, or in the centre if possible.